So for us to understand what Christ did in the Upper Room when He instituted the Eucharist, we need a short lesson on the Jewish Passover meal. He will wipe away every tear from their eyes, and death shall be no more, neither shall there be mourning, nor crying, nor pain anymore, for the former things have passed away.” (ESV), The 4 Cups of Passover Messianic Passover Seder Part 3. He will wipe away every tear from their eyes, and death shall be no more, neither shall there be mourning, nor crying, nor pain anymore, for the former things have passed away.” (ESV). Under this prism, a really curious interpretation of the Passion appears. We do know that by the time Jesus observed the Passover, drinking a cup during the meal was an official part of the observance. Every spring, in the weeks leading up to Easter, many of our staff are teaching about Christ in the Passover all around North America. Yet, as the obedient Son of God, Jesus knew that the cup of blessing could only be poured out for the salvation of many if He would first drink the cup of God's judgment on all humanity. On Passover, when we celebrate our physical freedom, ... wine, wash hands, vegetable, then matzoh (the main meal). I ask if it was the 3rd cup because the gospels only refer to 2 cups taken at this point. Jewish tradition says little else about the cups—though we're told they should be filled with red wine to remind us of the blood of the Passover lamb. This content was adapted from an earlier Jews for Jesus article. “Say therefore to the people of Israel, ‘I am the Lord, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians…” (ESV). Jesus calls this cup "the new covenant in My blood, which is shed for you" (Luke 22:20). In fact, an ancient rabbinic source, the Mishnah, instructs those celebrating to drink from the cup four times during the Passover seder (Pesahim 10:1). What Are the Four Cups of Passover? © 2020 Worth Beyond Rubies Site Designed by Diane Ferreira, 4. Throughout the Hebrew Scriptures the cup is often used as a symbol of God's judgment. It is believed that it is the Cup of Redemption that Jesus instructed the disciples to partake of in the last supper, since both accounts in Matthew 26:27 and Luke 22:19 describe the cup being taken after the meal. It reminds me of another cup that blends the problem and the promise. And the fourth cup was the cup of consummation. During the Protestant Reformation, the Reformers rejected the idea that the Eucharist is a sacrifice. Then, he will drink that fourth and last cup. Now this part is not quoted directly from the Bible. And then the Passover concluded with the drinking of the fourth cup. Jesus declared that this new covenant would be poured from the cup of salvation in His blood. ENGLISH: The Fourth Cup analyzes the Last Supper and Passion of Christ in the perspective of Jewish tradition. The 4th cup is surely a cup of completion. Learning about the Passover overall can be so important for the Christian and deepen their walk with the Lord. Yet the original Passover story makes no mention whatsoever of a cup. And I saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. This ceremony is prescribed by the Mishnah as a … They all tore their clothes in horror and returned with Benjamin to Egypt. “And because of him you are in Christ Jesus, who became to us wisdom from God, righteousness and sanctification and redemption…” (ESV), “…and I will deliver you from slavery to them…” (ESV). JEWISH PASSOVER MEAL (The Fourth Cup & Lamb of God) The next part that we are going to review is the Jewish Passover meal. If you have not yet visited the other posts on the Passover Seder in this series, I encourage you to do so first! It is assumed that at wedding feast of the Lamb, Messiah lifted this fourth cup and completed the Seder that began over two thousand years ago in that small room in Israel. Won't you join me in praying that the mystery of this cup of blessing, which we bless, will be made known to the Jewish people as well? Please note that this article may contain affiliate links. The Cup of Hallel (Praise or Acceptance) That cup became an indictment against Benjamin and a symbol of judgment—certain death, as far as the brothers could see. Which cups did Yeshua drink during his early Passover Seder with his disciples? The Apostle Paul calls it, "the cup of blessing which we bless," as well as "the cup of the Lord" (1 Corinthians 10:16,21). You can read my full disclosure at the bottom of the page or visit my Affiliate Disclosure Page. Do you remember the story of Joseph and his brothers? • The Cup of Praise; the fourth cup: Of all the cups of Passover, this was the only one Jesus did not take at the Passover just prior to His death and resurrection. 6:6. When the hour came, He reclined at the table, and the apostles with Him. No wonder the Apostle Paul calls this "the cup of blessing which we bless." It is the cup of completion. He kept his identity a secret and demanded that they return with their youngest brother, to prove they weren't spies. Adonai redeemed the Jewish people for Himself. amzn_assoc_asins = "B00CXVTYLU,1981806210,1683147898,1501869744,0825424593"; Turn to Matthew 26:29. His arms outstretched on a tree, He gave Himself up for us to redeem us, save us and sanctify us! They found Joseph's cup and accused Benjamin of theft. His blood was shed on the cross as a final sacrifice for sins. The New Testament names one of the cups—the cup taken after supper, which is traditionally the third cup. Rivka Freehold, NJ, USA March 17, 2012. four cups that represent the structure of the Passover. Then He said to them, “I have fervently desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. In the Upper Room Jesus took only three of the four cups of the Jewish Seder. We can look at the present at our deliverance from bondage to the law of Sin and Death and look forward to the new heaven and earth out Lord and Savior Jesus Christ is coming back to establish! Yet we also find the Psalmist crying out, "I will take up the cup of salvation, and call upon the name of the Lord" (Psalm 116:13). These days, no one likes to talk about the judgment of the Lord. For example, the cup of fury, the cup of judgment, the cup of trembling and the cup of horror and desolation appear throughout the Old Testament. The leader of the Seder says that Lord has remembered us; and to this day, God has remembered the everlasting covenant that He made with … EU contact options ›. Yet, it became the occasion for redemption and forgiveness. We continue our look at the Passover by looking at the other elements of the Seder, with a focus on the 4 cups. But instead, God promised a new covenant of grace and salvation. The second cup of wine occurs really at the beginning of the Passover liturgy itself, and that involves the singing of psalm 113. Learn how your comment data is processed. The first stage involves reciting the Kiddush blessing and drinking the first of four cups of wine. The roots of this sacrament are sunk deep in the eternal plan of God, which is unfolded through the pages of Scripture, as well as in the traditions of God's chosen people, the Jews. The Fourth Cup: Restoration “I will acquire you as My people and I will be your God.” The Cups of the Last Supper. When did he drink the fourth Passover cup? The first two, He took in the traditional way. The Cup of Redemption is the third cup of the Passover Seder and is the first cup to be drunk after the meal. Yet, it is a … He will dwell with them, and they will be his people, and God himself will be with them as their God. “Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and the sea was no more. I will REDEEM YOU WITH AN OUTSTRETCHED ARM and with great judgments. The Cup of Deliverance. For more detailed information, please visit our Affiliate Disclaimer page. Instead of proceeding immediately to the climax of the Passover, the drinking of the fourth cup, we read: “And when they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives” (Mark 14:26). This page/post may contain affiliate links. So the symbol of the cup carries with it pictures of both wrath and redemption, of judgment and blessing. Joseph had a plan. Find out if there is an upcoming presentation near you. In His humanity, Jesus could wish that this cup of judgment—the one that everyone except Him deserved for breaking of God's covenant—would pass over Him. I pray that every gospel tract our Jews for Jesus staff distributes, every book or video we mail, every personal visit we conduct may become like that cup of Joseph, hidden away for God's purpose, leading to final salvation in Jesus. How amazingly exciting! I will RESCUE you from their bondage, and 3. I am so glad you enjoyed it and found it helpful!! The Cup of Deliverance 3. The second cup is called the cup of plagues. The four cups of Passover are a picture of God’s deliverance of Israel. Until then, he invites you, “Come to the table. The Cup of Sanctification. God had declared that He would make a new covenant because the previous covenant had become "broken" (Jeremiah 31:32). The tradition of this cup is stated in Revelation 14: Rev 14:9 And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his image, and receive his mark in his forehead, or in his hand, The third cup is referred to as either the cup of redemption or the cup of blessing. If you don't see an email from us in the next few weeks, please check your spam or junk folder in your email account to make sure our messages have not been filtered. amzn_assoc_search_bar = "true"; “For when you were slaves of sin, you were free in regard to righteousness.” (ESV), “…and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great acts of judgment.” (ESV). The latter combine the second cup (plagues) with hallel—because we praise God for the plagues He used to bring us out of Egypt. After they betrayed and sold him into slavery in Egypt, God exalted Joseph to a place of great prominence and power. As I read the OT, I often think “why aren’t Christians doing this today, especially since in Exodus 12:14, the Lord calls it a lasting ordinance! For Christians this also points to their own deliverance since Jesus our Messiah descends from the Jewish people. Four Cups of Wine Do we know actually when the tradition of adding the four Cups of Wine was added to the Exodus 12 institution? Reply. EU residents: Sorry but we can't take your info on this site. Later that evening in the garden of Gethsemane He cried out to the Lord in anguished prayer, "Father, if it is Your will, take this cup away from Me; nevertheless not My will, but Yours, be done" (Luke 22:42). He hid his own silver cup in his youngest brother's sack of grain. You’re absolutely right! Most agree that the first cup is the Kiddush, which means sanctification. amzn_assoc_ad_type = "smart"; He will dwell with them, and they will be his people, and God himself will be with them as their God. Therefore, the sages instituted that one must drink wine at the Seder as a sign of freedom, to dine as the nobility dine. Used by permission. This is true of any other affiliate links within this post. Passover was not complete until Jesus was resurrected and ascended. The Fourth Cup is the cup of the Passover meal that Jesus refused at the last supper and on the road to Calvary. But the Third Cup was different, very different. Cup of Praise: The Fourth cup of the Seder. Sign up for our monthly updates and special announcements. Desired to eat this bread, which means sanctification took a lot of notes stage involves reciting Kiddush! With this cup, other prayrers, then fourth cup and then the Passover cup is the. His wrath and judgment—a terrible cup facing our Jewish people today himself will be with them as God... The cup of blessing and with great judgments himself will be his people and... My affiliate disclosure page before I suffer Passover cups that has the Jewish is! 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