[69] Consumer Protection Act No. Although it is legal to plant GM crops in Japan if certain procedures are followed, no commercial planting of GM crops (aside from ornamental flowers) is occurring in Japan at this time, mainly because the general public is skeptical about the safety of GM crops. [46]  In effect, a GMO would not be approved for any form of release if “safety to the environment cannot be demonstrated.”[47], The law also imposes a public notification requirement for the release of GMOs. A majority of Swedes consider it important that their milk is GMO free, and dairy farmers therefore avoid GMOs in their fodder. As a result of both public hostility to GMOs and these legal restrictions, there are currently no GM crops grown in France, even though France imports substantial amounts of GMOs from abroad. [9] Foodstuffs, Cosmetics and Disinfectants Act No. While marketing and importing GMOs and food and feed produced with GMOs are regulated at the EU level, the cultivation of GMOs is an area left to the EU Members. This bibliography lists selected, recent English-language works on restrictions on GMOs. 1, 2011), http://www.info.gov.za/ view/DynamicAction?pageid=623&myID=292342. without authority.”[69]  This offense is, on conviction, punishable by a fine and/or up to one year imprisonment. [22]  All decisions of the EC require unanimous support of its members, and anything short of that amounts to rejection. As yet, there has been no authorized GMO cultivation within Korea. Israeli law permits the development and growth of GMOs for research purposes in accordance with requirements established by subsidiary legislation. [27], Inspections are conducted by inspectors appointed by the Registrar. [15], The GMO Act, which is administered by the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (DAFF), and three institutions established under its provisions (the Registrar, the Executive Council (EC), and the Advisory Council (AC)), has a number of objectives. Local farmers are continuing to use toxic glyphosate-based products, and are farming crops that have been genetically modified and are therefore Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO). Inspector General | In addition to the primary legislation and regulatory institutions, South Africa also has in place other laws and institutions regulating specific issues relating to GMOs. 10 of 2004 [NEMBA], 20 BSRSA (rev’d through 2012). The Animal Feed Manufacturers Association of South Africa (AFMA), is the official industry representative body of the South African feed industry in the livestock feed sector and larger agricultural environment. How are GMOs regulated in South Africa? [26]  The Registrar is also required to arrange for inspection of facilities where GMO-related activities take place and order the cessation of an activity that he or she has established or reasonably suspects is in violation of the GMO Act or a condition set under a permit. One GM potato for industrial use has been approved for cultivation in Sweden, but currently no GMOs are being produced. [49]  The notice must include, among other things, information about the applicant, the objective of the application, the general description of the GMOs, and the place of release. South African GMO Act implemented. Although the Netherlands was the first European Union Member State to have legal coexistence guidelines on genetically engineered (GE) crops, commercial production of GM crops has not yet taken place. In Brazil, GMOs are governed by a law that defines the concept of a GMO and sets rules for the laboratories that work with them. 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