The world"s wisdom is seen as shallow from the perceptive, that it was God who had to enlighten man as to the facts about this life. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 2:9". Explanation and Commentary of 1 Corinthians 2:9. There is, therefore, not the slightest ground for imputing failure of memory, or an erroneous interpretation to the inspired apostle. Faith takes God at His Word, even when the odds seemed to be stacked against His Word. Instead of using his own words he quotes God's. Teshuva, c. 8. sect. (y) T. Bab. Ép. 2. 1 Samuel 24:10. In verse 15, Elisha’s attendant went out seemingly oblivious to both the fact of the enemy and of God’s provision. App-107. 1909-1922. c. 11. sect. BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. '', "the eye of the prophets hath not been able to see it.''. How do they know? 1. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. - Jewish Publication Society Bible. The two rails of this train are prayer before the throne of God and meditation on the word of God. They have views of that which the eyes of other people have not seen; a view of wisdom, and fitness, and beauty which can be found in no other plan. More specifically and more personally, we have not see the end of God's story in our life (cp Php 1:6-note). Who claim they can tell the difference between verses in the Gospels that later writers erroneously attributed to Jesus, and the kernel of truth that Jesus really said? As It is Written. ), which would easily be joined together in memory and resemble even verbally the passage as written here by the Apostle. It has therefore been suggested (Origen) that they are from some apocryphal book, or some book which has been lost, as is supposed many have been. The exceptive words, "O God, beside (i:e., except) thee," are not quoted directly, but virtually expressed in the exposition (1 Corinthians 2:10). 1. Beracot, fol. It is not used where the words are taken from other sources (see, e.g., Jude 1:9; Jude 1:14). I love the biblical definition of faith from Hebrews 11:1 “Now faith is the By connecting it with what follows, and by taking the word God in the vocative, the sense may be, ‘From eternity they have not heard, nor perceived by the ear, eye hath not seen, O God, without thee, (i.e. — The first of these explanations is generally adopted and is the most satisfactory. BibliographyNicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. 'Love conducts to a far richer world of knowledge than earthly means could open to the conception' (Olshausen). the things which God hath prepared for them that love him; What an eye hath not seen, nor an ear heard, and, all that God hath prepared for them that love Him, by some confusion of memory took the apocryphal saying for a canonical passage possibly from the prophecies, οἱ δὲ δίκαιοι πορεύσονται εἰς ζωὴν αἰώνιον κληρονομοῦντες ἐκεῖνα, Commentary on the First Ep. The gospel is the “hidden wisdom of God” (1 Cor 2:6). He there says that God has revealed these things to Christians by his Spirit. 64:4), Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, nor have entered into the heart of man the things which God hath prepared for those that love him-for him that waiteth for him, that waiteth for his mercy, so the Septuagint. The Gnostics quoted the passage in favour of their method of esoteric teaching. a Cor. In reality such claims are saying, "I know what God revealed, but trust me, God feels differently in His heart.". BibliographyIce, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 2:9". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-corinthians-2.html. John 14:23)—a further designation of the ἅγιοι, πιστεύοντες, κλητοί, ἐκλεκτοὶ of chap. It is new; and is above all that man has seen, and felt, and known. This is the version given in the Vulgate, and brings the passage into harmony with the apostle's quotation. The thing to which the apostle here refers particularly, is the wisdom which was revealed in the gospel; but he also intends, doubtless, to include all the provisions of mercy and happiness which the gospel makes known to the people of God. It would be an eye that sees the Master's generosity as more precious than money. ” 10 For to us God revealed them through the Spirit; for the Spirit searches all things, even the depths of God. Behold, this day thine eyes have seen how that the LORD had delivered thee to day into mine hand in the cave: and some bade me kill thee: but mine eye spared thee; and I said, I will not put forth mine hand against my lord; for he is the LORD's anointed. It seems they are claiming that they can know God"s will without a clear revelation from God! 1871-8. without a revelation) what he, (or, by change of person) what thou hast prepared for those that wait for thee.' It may sound contradictory, but a person can see, yet not see. ", "Prepared (literally, 'will do') for him that waiteth for him;", Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Hodge's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hdg/1-corinthians-2.html. Paul writes in verse 9, "But as it is written: 'Eye has not seen, nor ear heard, nor have entered into the heart of man the things which God has prepared for those who love Him.'" As the formula, "As it is written," is never used by the apostles except in the citation of the canonical books of the Old Testament, it cannot be admitted that Paul intended to quote either some book now lost, or some apocryphal writing. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 2:9". This is not the only place in which St. Paul would seem to thus refer to the Old Testament scriptures (see 1 Corinthians 1:19-20) when he is not basing any argument upon a particular sentence in the Scriptures, but merely availing himself of some thoughts or words in the Old Testament as an illustration of some truth which he is enforcing. The Greek is, 'We speak (supplied from 1 Corinthians 2:8) things which eye saw not (heretofore), etc., things which [A B read "as many things soever as:" hosa (Greek #3745). Although the words given here are not to be found in the same sequence in any passage in the Old Testament, still there are phrases scattered through the writings of Isaiah (see Isaiah 64:4; Isaiah 65:17; see also Isa 62:15 in the LXX. The exceptive words, "O God, beside (that is, except) Thee," are not quoted directly, but are virtually expressed in the exposition of them (1Co 2:10), "None but thou, O God, seest these mysteries, and God hath revealed them to us by His Spirit. the things which God hath prepared for them that love him; Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges, William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament, Joseph Beet's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament, "Paul"s thought is that there is no method of apprehension open to man (eyes, ears, or understanding) which can give him any idea of the wonderful things that God has made ready for, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, "which none of the princes of this world knew. 1 Corinthians 2:9, NLT: "That is what the Scriptures mean when they say, 'No eye has seen… For the Spirit searches all things, yes, the deep things of God. (Erdman p. 40). That blessedness is said to be superior to all that people elsewhere enjoy; to be such as could be found no where else but in God. In verses 15-23 we have an illustration of both. Origen’s suggestion has been adopted by many expositors, but is really needless; this is only an extreme example of the Apostle’s freedom in adopting and combining O.T. It is true that this view is attended with a high degree of comfort; but the comfort is not the immediate thing in the eye of the apostle. ὅσα ἡτοίμασεν ὁ θεὸς τ. ἀγαπῶσιν αὐτόν. American King James Version But as it is written, Eye has not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God has prepared for them that love him. . They are true of the present. aux Corinthiens, οὐδε οἱ ὀφθαλμοὶ ἡμῶν εἰδον Θεὸν πλήν σου. Neither have entered into the heart of man - No man has conceived it; or understood it. BibliographyHodge, Charles. If there are such manifestations of wisdom in the plan here; if Christians see so much of its beauty here on earth; and if their views so far surpass all that the world sees and enjoys, how much greater and purer will be the manifestations of wisdom and goodness in the world of glory. Phrases. 1 Corinthians 2:9 but as it is written, Things which eye saw not, and ear heard not, And {which} entered not into the heart of man, Whatsoever things God prepared for them that love him. God tells Ezekiel that his people "have eyes to see but do not see, and ears to hear but do not hear" (Ezekiel 12:2).The little picture below illustrates this.. 1 Seeing Yet Not Seeing. "The Bible Study New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/1-corinthians-2.html. "entered not into the heart of man"-"no human mind conceived" (Fee p. 107) "Things beyond our imagining" (NEB). This describes "Christ on the cross," that Isaiah, God's secret wisdom. For what man knows the things of a man except the spirit of the man which is in him? The TOTAL glory of God's act in Christ is still beyond human understanding!!! God's seeing the mysteries ensures His revealing them to His people. In Isaiah 64:1-12 it is, "Prepared (literally, 'will do') for him that waiteth for him;" here, "for them that love Him." Although now the man was physically able to work for the first time in his life, no one would hire a man who had been excommunicated by the religious authorities. Eye has not seen: Most people wrongly take the things which God has prepared for those who love Him to mean the things which are waiting for us in heaven. Or this verse may be connected with what follows: ‘What eye hath not seen — what (namely) God hath prepared for his people, he hath revealed to us by his Spirit.' "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 2:9". Eye hath not seen - This is the same as saying, that no one had ever fully perceived and understood the value and beauty of those things which God has prepared for his people. Even from antiquity [men] have not heard, They have not given ear, Eye hath not seen a God save Thee, He doth work for those waiting for Him. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 2:9". But, as it is written: That eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither hath it entered into the heart of man, what things God hath prepared for them that love him. But as it is written: “Eye has not seen, nor ear heard, Nor have entered into the heart of man The things which God has prepared for those who love Him.” But God has revealed them to us through His Spirit. BibliographyBullinger, Ethelbert William. It is such wisdom as could not have been discovered without a revelation, according to what the prophet Isaiah says (Isa. Septuagint, "From of old we have not heard, nor have our eyes seen a God beside Thee, and Thy works which Thou wilt do for those who wait for mercy." 2. None of these explanations would justify the use of that phrase, “it is written,” with which these words are introduced, and which in the apostolic writings is confined to quotations from the Old Testament scriptures. eye hath not seen, nor ear heard: which could never have been seen to be read by the eye of man, nor the sound thereof ever heard by the ear of man, had not God been pleased to make a revelation of them; and though they are to be seen and read in the sacred writings, and to be heard either read or expounded, with the outward hearing of the ear; yet are neither to be seen nor heard intellectually, spiritually, and savingly, unless, God gives eyes to see, and ears to hear; the exterior senses of seeing and hearing are not sufficient to come at and discover the sense of them; flesh and blood, human nature cannot search them out, nor reveal them, no nor the internal senses, the intellectual capacity of men: neither have entered into the heart of man; this clause is not in the original text; but is a phrase often used by the Jews, for that which never came into a man's mind, was never thought of by him, or he ever had any conceptions, or the least notion and idea of; so the elders of the city, at the beheading of the heifer, are represented not only as saying, "our hands have not shed this blood, neither have our eyes seen it"; but also neither , "hath it entered into our hearts", that the sanhedrim hath shed blood (y); and elsewhere (z) it is said, this matter is like to a king, , "into whose heart it entered", to plant in his garden, &c. The things which God hath prepared for them that love him; in the original text it is, "for him that waiteth for him"; the sense is the same, for such as hope in the Lord and wait for him, are lovers of him; and the meaning is, that God has prepared and laid up in his own breast, in his counsels and covenant, in the types, shadows, and sacrifices of the old law, in the promises and prophecies of the Old Testament, such doctrines and mysteries of grace as were not so seen, heard, known, and understood by the Old Testament prophets and saints; and has reserved for his people under the Gospel dispensation, the times of the Messiah, a more clear discovery of them: so the Jews themselves own that these words belong to the world to come (a), which with them commonly signifies the days of the Messiah; though here they think fit to distinguish them, and interpret the phrase, "eye hath not seen", of the eye of the prophets: their words are these (b); "all prophesied not, but of the days of the Messiah; but as to the world to come, eye hath not seen, O God, besides thee. The first difficulty connected with this verse is a grammatical one, which does not appear in our version because of the freedom of the translation. For the Spirit searches all things, yes, the deep things of God. While it is true that we cannot comprehend the greatness of heaven, that isn’t what Paul means here, because 1 Corinthians 2:10 tells us God has revealed them to us through His Spirit . They are ripe for harvest." The Septuagint expresses the same idea. From Isaiah 64:4, freely rendered by Septuagint. For Isaiah spake to them who waited for Messiah as future; Paul, to them who love Him as having appeared (1 John 4:19 : cf. In Context | Full Chapter | Other Translations. 1 Corinthians 2:9 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 1 Corinthians 2:9, NIV: "However, as it is written: 'What no eye has seen, ... 'THINGS WHICH EYE HAS NOT SEEN AND EAR HAS NOT HEARD, AND which HAVE NOT ENTERED THE HEART OF MAN, ALL THAT GOD HAS PREPARED FOR THOSE WHO LOVE HIM.'" If the eyes are not good, the person cannot see well. things which have not set foot upon the heart. prophesied only of the days of the Messiah.”. Eye hath not seen - This is the same as saying, that no one had ever fully perceived and understood the value and beauty of those things which God has prepared for his people. Names. But as it is written, Eye has not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God has prepared for them that love him. Thou hypocrite, first cast out the beam out of thine own eye; and then shalt thou see clearly to cast out the mote out of thy brother’s eye. The blessedness which the apostle referred to had been unknown alike to the Jews and the Gentiles. “But as it is written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him.” King James Version (KJV) In Isa 64:4 it is "Prepared (literally, 'will do') for him that waiteth for Him"; here, "for them that love Him." Literally the passage reads, ‘What no eye saw, and no ear heard, and no heart conceived, what God has prepared for those who love him — .' D L Moody - MOST people say “eye hath not seen, nor ear heard,” and they stop there. "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". New International Version 18 So we fix our eyes not on what is seen, but on what is unseen, since what is seen is temporary, but what is unseen is eternal. BibliographyTorrey, R. A. Notice the text again. Jesus heard that the Jewish leaders had kicked this man out of the temple, which was a serious matter in that society. Some years ago this verse, by itself, was our theme verse for a semester at chapel at a school I attended. For more discussion of faith see commentary on Hebrews 11:1-2. In thought, as Hf(371) and Bt(372) point out, this passage corresponds to Isaiah 64 : in P. God does, as in Isaiah He is besought to do, things unlooked for by the world, to the confusion of its unbelief; in each case these things are done for fit persons—Isaiah’s “him that waiteth for Him,” etc., being translated into Paul’s “those that love Him”; ἐποίησεν is changed to ἡτοίμασεν, in conformity with προώρισεν (1 Corinthians 2:7). Well, it"s rulers put God to death. (1) The first is, that the passage in Isaiah has no such reference. Then they shall answer and say, ‘Our hands have not shed this blood, nor have our eyes seen it. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 2:9". Indeed, the mysteries of the Gospel are more clearly discerned now, than by the prophets formerly. Rather construe, as Estius, "('We speak,' supplied from 1Co 2:8), things which eye saw not (heretofore), … things which God prepared … But God revealed them to us," &c. The quotation is not a verbatim one, but an inspired exposition of the "wisdom" (1Co 2:6, from Isa 64:4). ὅσα, of the last clause, is a climax to ἃ of the first—“so many things as God prepared for those that love Him”: cf. American King James Version (AKJV) But as it is written, Eye has not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God has prepared for them that love him. The things which God hath prepared - The things which God "has held in reserve" (Bloomfield); that is, what God has appointed in the gospel for his people. A Hebraism (compare, Jer 3:16, Margin). It is used there, as Paul uses it, to denote the happiness which results from the communication of the divine favor to the soul. We really cannot "get it" or see it. Maimon. ou) up. 1974. "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". It is certainly taught in the Old Testament that the human mind cannot penetrate into the counsels of God; his purposes can only be known by a supernatural revelation. No one ever expected God to act in history by sending the Eternal Logos in human form and having him die on the cross as the means of salvation! A. Alexander, is: "And from eternity they have not heard, they have not perceived by the ear, the eye hath not seen, a God beside thee (who) will do for (one) waiting for him." Sanhed. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/1-corinthians-2.html. fol. Now bring that understanding of the "bad eye" back to Matthew 6:23 and let it determine the meaning of the "good eye." To say that the eye had not seen, nor the ear heard, was, therefore, the same as saying that it was not known at all. John 4:35, ESV: "Do you not say, ‘There are yet four months, then comes the harvest’?Look, I tell you, lift up your eyes, and see that the fields are white for harvest." The words cited do not appear, connectedly, in the O.T. The second difficulty relates to the passage quoted. This we often do, and it is not unfrequently done in the New Testament, Romans 10:18. A Hebraism (cf. They need insight or illumination, eyes to see the mighty power and provision of God, but they must also believe God and put on their God-given armor that they might take a stand against Satan and his forces. If it be assumed that he intended to quote Isaiah 64:4 the difficulty is twofold, first, the language or words are different, and secondly, the sense is different. Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary. However, keep in mind that faith is NOT faith in faith, but is … ", entered—literally, "come up into the heart." https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dun/1-corinthians-2.html. All the world had been strangers to this until God made a revelation to his people by his Spirit. If the eyes were good then the body was full of light. 106), notes that Thomas, motivated by a desire for precision and proof after scrutiny (akribes kai exetasmenon), is not so much rejecting the evidence of the other apostles as he is eager to make sure that what they have seen is not a ghost (fantasma) in the sense of Mark 6:49-50 and Luke 24:37-38. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-corinthians-2.html. See Isaiah 64:1, Isaiah 64:4-5, Isaiah 64:8. To get over this difficulty some propose a different interpretation of the passage in the prophet. If no light came in through the windows (the eyes), there would be darkness in the body. (i) Man cannot so much as think of them, much less conceive them with his senses. Spiritual Insight —The true second sight. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 2:9". Chrysostom also suggests that it may be a reference, not to a writing, but to historical facts, as in Matthew 2:23. BibliographyDunagan, Mark. Thus, however, the "but" of 1Co 2:10 is ignored. (2) the object of the apostle is not to describe the future state of the redeemed. Paul takes only the general idea from the Old-Testament passage. And if on earth the gospel confers such blessings on its friends, how much higher and purer shall be the joys which it shalt bestow in heaven! The quotation is from Isaiah 64:4. That is, he preached truth undiscoverable by human reason. () It sure looks as if they are claiming for themselves a quality or condition (infallibility, inspiration), which they deny for the Bible. 31. The body here means the person rather than just his body. Such claims sound pretty arrogant. As we begin 1998, Gods aim for us is that we be set on a two-railed train track in the direction of holiness and love and mission and heaven. 7. The idea is, that men had never known any other God than Jehovah who did, or could do, what he threatened to do. Isaiah 64:4 (or 3 in the Hebrew) is literally translated by Dr. J. - Youngs Literal Bible (64:3) And whereof from of old men have not heard, nor perceived by the ear, neither hath the eye seen a God beside Thee, who worketh for him that waiteth for Him. Eye hath not seen, &c.—Alford translates, "The things which eye saw not … the things which God prepared … to us God revealed through His Spirit." 1897-1910. 1 Corinthians 2:9-10 (NKJV): But as it is written: “Eye has not seen, nor ear heard, nor have entered into the heart of man, the things which God has prepared for those who love Him.” But God has revealed them to us through His Spirit. All the world had been strangers to this until God made a revelation to his people by his Spirit. 46. “ Things which eye has not seen and ear has not heard, And which have not entered the heart of man, All that God has prepared for those who love Him. For the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God. Of the four clauses, the 1James , 2 nd, and 4th recall Isaiah 64:4 f. (Hebrews , Isaiah 64:3 f.)—after the Hebrew text; the 3rd occurs in a similar strain in Isaiah 65:17 (LXX, 16); see other parls. Or, we may supply, as many do, the word ( כבכןץ ͂ לום) ‘we speak what God hath prepared for those who love him.' The quotation is not verbatim, but an inspired exposition of the "wisdom" (1 Corinthians 2:6) from Isaiah 64:4 (cf. 1 Corinthians 1:20, Philippians 4:8, for the pronominal idiom.—In ἡτοίμασεν κ. τ. λ. 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How to live an outcast body was full of light of faith see Commentary Hebrews., there would be an eye that can eyes have not seen commentary, e.g., Jude 1:9 ; Jude 1:14 ) objection. The TOTAL glory of God richer world of knowledge than earthly means could open to the Jews and Gentiles! More personally, we have an illustration of both explanations is generally adopted and above. Interpretation to the Jews and the Gentiles 1:14 ), redemption, etc... and how to live Christ the... And understand for what man knows the things of God it may sound contradictory, but to us his... Of 1Co 2:10 is ignored how could it be that fills us with?. Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on Hebrews 11:1-2 of their method of esoteric.! '' s rulers put God to death read, as the Spirit is those religious that.